Our culture and beliefs, determined by how, where and when we were raised, can influence a variety of behaviors, including:
Things that are upsetting or unusual are often explained using beliefs that are common to our family and culture.
What matters most is letting your providers know about your cultural and religious background so they can help ensure that your treatment best meets your needs.
Certain Native American cultures may view symptoms of psychosis as related to spiritual connection; symptoms include weakness, dizziness, fainting, anxiety, hallucinations, confusion, and loss of appetite from the action of evil forces.
Persons can be possessed by the spirits of ancestors, or aimu, in ecstatic rituals.
The Quichua Indians use plant-derived hallucinogens, such as ayahuasca, and then invite spirit animals like jaguars to take over their mind. In this hallucinogenic state they often perform elaborate healing rituals for community members in emotional and physical distress.
Symptoms include social withdrawal, irritability, restlessness, and appearing to respond to auditory hallucinations.
A hysterical condition characterized by people who speak in a strange muffled voice, cannot be understood, and have unpredictable behavior. Believed to be induced by sorcery that led to possession by multiple spirits that may then speak through the individual (“speaking in tongues”).
Refers to a wide range of mental illness and psychological distress.
Marked by transient psychosis with elements of trance or dream states.
Refers to a paranoid disorder that occurs in midlife and has features of, yet is distinct from, Schizophrenia Paranoid Type.
Marked by a sudden rampage, usually including homicide and suicide, ending with exhaustion and amnesia.
Marked by violent outbursts, hallucinations, delusions, and temper tantrums.
Marked by automatic obedience reaction with echopraxia (involuntary repetition or imitation of another person's actions) and echolalia (involuntary repetition of sounds and language).